A technology that uses glass threads (fibres) to transmit data. A fibre optic cable consists of a bundle of glass threads, each of which is capable of transmitting messages modulated onto light waves. It operates in much the same was as copper, in that it transmits data using binary code, but instead of using electrical impulses to transmit the 1’s and 0’s, it uses pulses of light.
Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line, or ADSL, is a method of transferring data over copper telephone lines. This has been the most common form of phone and internet connection, but due to the aging network, is becoming less reliable and expensive to maintain. ADSL has limited speed and quality, based on distance, and will be phased out over time.
The practice of using a network of remote servers hosted on the Internet to store, manage, and process data, rather than a local server.
Internet Service Provider, or ISP, is a retailer of internet services. See RSP.
Retail Service Provider, or RSP, is a telecommunications or Internet service provider selling retail products (phone, Internet packages, storage, cloud computing solutions etc.) to the market. UnisonFibre provides the fibre network as a ‘wholesaler’ to the RSP, and the RSP bundles phone and internet services and solutions into a range of different packages to suit your needs.
Basically this is a fibre optic cable with no Ethernet - so, it is not transmitting light, and is therefore dark. Because of the high costs of building a network (mostly from digging the cable trenches), extra capacity may be installed but not used. This terminology is now also used to describe a fibre service where a company leases just the actual fibre optic network, and not the actual data service.
A bit is a piece of binary code used to transfer data. Binary code consists of 1’s and 0’s, so one bit is either a ‘1’ or a ‘0’. Using fibre, that bit is expressed by the light being on (1) or off (0).
Mega (million) bits per second. A bit is a piece of binary code used to transfer data. It’s either a ‘1’ or a ‘0’, or for fibre, the light is either on or off. This is a measure of speed – how much data can be transferred per second.
Voice over Internet Protocol. VoIP is technology or set of standards for delivery of telephone calls and other voice communications over the Internet. It involves the conversion of Analog voice signals to a digital form. This is not Skype however - it uses IP Telephony which is a private IP network, compared to the public internet.
Upload & Download Speed
This is basically how fast data is being moved. An independent study By Epitiro in 2013 found the average ADSL download speed for NZ internet providers was 10.04 Mbps, with an average upload speed of 0.85 Mbps. As a comparison, our ultra fast fibre network offers a download speed of 100Mbps and upload speed of 50Mbps, subject to the backhaul capacity of the customer's Retail Service Provider.
Committed Information Rate, or CIR, is the minimum upload and download speed of your Ultra-fast broadband package. UnisonFibre guarantees your retailer a minimum CIR, but this may vary on what your retailer offers, so it’s worth asking your retailer what you CIR is for the package you choose.
Excess Information Rate, or EIR, is the maximum upload and download speed of your ultra-fast broadband package.
This is the capacity of your connection - how much data it can carry.With increasing demand for capacity, ADSL can struggle to cope with the volume of data being uploaded and downloaded, and so you get ‘network contention’ – basically a traffic jam. Fibre has far greater bandwidth, and so, if a Retail Service Provider has sufficient backhaul capacity, network contention is greatly reduced or eliminated.